God’s Goodness: Jesus and the New Testament

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god’s goodness: jesus and the new testament

Messages and Essays on the Goodness of God in Atonement: Its Nature and Scope

Evil and the Christian God and Theology of Atonement This paper explores how the character of God drives the type of story one lives in, and the type of atonement required to be consistent. Evil and the Christian God is a shorter version of the paper above.

Images of God in a Broken World This is a series of three messages from Paul's letter to the Colossians dealing with (1) how we inherit the image of an evil "god" from a broken world; (2) how Jesus is the accurate and perfect image of God despite our broken world, because he healed human nature in himself; and (3) how Jesus renews the image of God in us by his Spirit, to share God's goodness in a broken world

Irenaeus, Theodicy, and the Problem of Evil: His Lost Work "That God is Not the Author of Evil" and Evangelism Today A paper submitted to the Pappas Patristics Institute in March 2019. This is an attempt at reconstructing his lost work, which would be vital in the world today. See the short version, Why God is Not Evil, Not One Bit, According to Irenaeus of Lyons

Why Penal Substitution Damages Asian-Americans An example of how a culturally biased theology negatively impacts another cultural group

C.S. Lewis' Theology of Atonement A paper written for Dr. Gary Deddo, The Theological Thought of C.S. Lewis, through Fuller Seminary. It is a thorough examination of C.S. Lewis' writings and his use of Irenaeus and Athanasius

John Calvin: Quotes on Universal Atonement Surprising places in John Calvin's work where he admits that biblical exegesis does not produce the doctrine of limited atonement.

Christ's Proclamation to the Dead: An Analysis of 1 Peter 3:19 and its Significance This short analysis of 1 Peter provides the back story to the Old Testament: When God took human life, He was not consigning people to hell, but preserving their last possible choice - for Jesus.

Hell as the Love of God (and ppts) A paper exploring early Christian teaching on hell, biblical texts, and practical implications

Hell as Fire and Darkness: Remembrance of Sinai as Covenant Rejection in Matthew's Gospel A paper exploring the literary meaning of fire from Exodus onward into the New Testament

Atonement Theology

The Meaning of Jesus’ Death

Atonement Theology: The Meaning of Jesus’ Death has many more resources covering the topic of atonement and the nature of Jesus’ death. This includes practical pastoral and social justice implications; tools for evangelism, preaching, worship, discipleship, and biblical study; and sources in Scripture, the early church, as well as Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant scholars.

Messages and Essays on God’s Goodness in Predestination and Human Free Will

Does Prayer Change God? An attempt at explaining how God interacts with our prayers.

The Son Reveals and Hides the Father?: An Analysis of Matthew 11:25 - 30 This analysis of Jesus' strong language explains the motifs of violence, exclusion, and limitation. 

Many Called, Few Chosen? An Analysis of Matthew 22:1 - 14 This analysis of Jesus' strong language explains the motifs of violence, exclusion, and limitation, especially as relates to Israel. Jesus was speaking to Jewish leaders on the edge of militancy themselves.

Romans 9 - 11, Predestination and Free Will, Hardening of Hearts, and Outreach to the Jewish Community (ppts) An hour long presentation, going in depth into Romans 9 - 11, paying attention to its chiastic structure, and intertextual references to Exodus, Deuteronomy, and Isaiah; also notes early church interpretation of "free will" and the hardening of hearts. The implications of two different views of this passage:  The high federal Calvinist view, and the patristic view. Important quotations included. Summarized by Finney Raju, Predestination and Free Will in Romans 9 - 11, by Mako A. Nagasawa (Society of Evangelical Arminians, Oct 10, 2018) Paul's Definition of Predestination:  An Analysis of Romans 9 - 11 is a shorter introduction and summary to the presentation above. 

Predestination and Free Will:  Five Protestant Views A quick survey of five typical Protestant views.

Free Will in Patristic Theology Quotations from early church theologians demonstrating their agreement, until Augustine, that is.

Books and Articles on the Trinity as Foundational for Defining God’s Character, Power, and Activity

C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (pdf book, 1942 - 1944)

Rowan Williams, What is Divine Power? (ObjectiveBob, Mar 1, 2014) 12 min video

Mike Feazell, Predestination: Does God Choose Your Fate, or Does He Let You Choose It? (Grace Communion International website)

N.T. Wright, On the Importance of Trinitarian Faith (Fuller Seminary video, Nov 8, 2014)

Martin M. Davis, The Christian Doctrine of God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (AsiAfrica Ministries, 2015) a curriculum for pastors and churches on how to teach the Trinity

Greg Boyd, Does the Doctrine of the Trinity Matter? (ReKnew blog, May 11, 2015)

Greg Boyd, The Starting Point for Knowing God (ReKnew blog, Oct 5, 2015)

Books and Resources on Predestination and Human Free Will

People who have left Christian faith because they understood God’s character as partly evil (Augustinian-Lutheran-Reformed theology): SMD

G.F. Wiggers, Augustinism and Pelagianism (1840) a transcription of his book by, critiques Augustine’s double predestination theory, saying “From all this comes the result, that Augustine introduced into the ecclesiastical system several views entirely new” (ch.22)

Scot McKnight, Who are the Neo-Reformed? (BeliefNet blog, Feb 2009)

Matt Bradshaw, Christopher G. Ellison, and Jack P. Marcum, Attachment to God, Images of God, and Psychological Distress in a Nationwide Sample of Presbyterians (International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2010)

Perry C. Robinson, The Love and Hate of God (Energetic Procession blog, Jul 8, 2012) an Eastern Orthodox perspective

Thomas Seraphim Hamilton, The True Beauty of Romans 9 (OrthoCath blog, Aug 2, 2012) an excellent reading of Paul’s own reading of Israel’s history

Brian Zahnd, John Piper and Allah Akbar (blog post Aug 12, 2013)

John Piper, How Does it Glorify God to Predestine People to Hell? (Desiring God youtube video, Oct 21, 2013) an example of carrying out the logical, but wrong, implications of Augustine’s double predestination theory, received by Luther and Calvin

David Bentley Hart lecture on Nihilism and Freedom 

Robin Phillips, Why I Stopped Being a Calvinist (Part 1): Calvinism Presents a Dehistoricized Bible (Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy weblog, Jan 9, 2014)

Robin Phillips, Why I Stopped Being a Calvinist (Part 2): Calvinism Destroys God's Justice (Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy weblog, Jan 10, 2014)

Robin Phillips, Why I Stopped Being a Calvinist (Part 3): Calvinism Dislocates God from Our Experience of Him (Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy weblog, Jan 21, 2014)

Robin Phillips, Why I Stopped Being a Calvinist (Part 4): The Heresy of Monergism (Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy weblog, Jan 22, 2014)

Robin Phillips, Why I Stopped Being a Calvinist (Part 5): A Deformed Christology (Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy weblog, Jan 23, 2014)

Austin Fischer, Young, Restless, and No Longer Reformed: Black Holes, Love, and a Journey In and Out of Calvinism (2014) and T.C. Moore's review

Rowan Williams, What is Divine Power? (ObjectiveBob, Mar 1, 2014) 12 min video

Roger Olson, Why (High) Calvinism is Impossible (Patheos blog, Mar 16, 2014)

T.C. Moore, Muslim Open Theists, Politics, T.F. Torrance, and Why the God-Man Matters (blog, Mar 23, 2014)

C.S. Lewis Doodle, Watch Hand-Drawn Animations of 7 Stories and Essays by Lewis (Open Culture, Apr 30, 2014)

Zondervan, Old Debate, New Day: Calvinism - Proposition 1 (youtube video, Aug 28, 2014)

Ben Witherington, Does Romans 9 - 11 Teach Calvinist Predestination? (Ministry Matters video, Sep 2014)

Reknew, On the Calvinism Debate in Chicago Last Week (Reknew, Sep 1, 2014) and T.C. Moore's blog on it (blog, Sep 1, 2014)

Tony Jones, With Mark Driscoll Gone, We’ve Only Got John Piper To Show Us the Insanity of Hypercalvinism (Patheos, Nov 6, 2014)

Richard Beck, When God Became the Devil (Experimental Theology blog, Nov 20, 2014), see also the comments

N.T. Wright, On Predestination (youtube video, Dec 25, 2014)

Mike Feazell, Predestination: Does God Choose Your Fate, or Does He Let You Choose It? (Grace Communion International website)

Mikayla Bean, Anne Graham Lotz Says Terrorist Attacks Are Just God's Way Of Demonstrating His Love (RightWing Watch, Jun 15, 2015)

Zach Hoag, Goldilocks Theology and God's Power - Thomas Oord (Zach J. Hoag, Nov 12, 2015)

David Bentley Hart, Interview - Crackers and Juice Podcast (ObjectiveBob, Feb 27, 2017) 50 min mark on Calvin; 55:30 min mark on Barth

Tom Belt, Toward a Theology of Violence (An Open Orthodoxy, Apr 18, 2017)

Sangwon Yang, Divine Sovereignty: John Calvin's Functional Epistemological Principle (Duke Divinity paper, May 2017)

Ty Gibson, Where Psychology and Theology Meet (ReKnew blog, Jun 2017) argues that the view of God’s omni-causality covers over our actual human shame, and is used to deflect our attention from it

god’s goodness: the trinity