Atonement Theology

The Meaning of Jesus’ Death

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jesus died and rose to cleanse human nature of its corruption, and unite us with God

These resources explore the meaning of Jesus' death, from the understanding of the Christian community especially in its first four hundred years, expressed in the Nicene and Chalcedonian creeds.  Jesus is God's way of undoing human evil, in a personal, loving way.  His death was the climax of his victorious struggle over the corruption in his own human nature. We call this "Medical Substitution," although it has gone by other names.

For a brief introduction to “atonement” in general, and “Medical Substitution” in particular, click here.

To listen to a helpful podcast, check out Beyond Penal Substitution on the Almost Heretical podcast when Mako discussed atonement.

implications of atonement theories

We compare this understanding to the dominant understanding in the Lutheran-Calvinist traditions, which is called “Penal Substitution.”  If you are just learning about the significance of this difference, please check out the resources below.

practical tools for ministry and activism

These resources are practical tools, based on “Medical Substitutionary” Atonement Theology.  The implications involve restorative justice, healing for human nature and desires, and God being 100% good.


These resources explore the foundation of “Medical Substitution” as the best understanding of the Bible, and the original understanding of the church. There are also links to books, web articles, etc. from representatives of the three broad Christian traditions.