Paul’s Letters to the Timothy, Titus, and Philemon
Bible Studies, Messages, Papers
Fresco in the Catacombs of Priscilla, in Rome, displaying seven elders celebrating communion. Priscilla is one of them, with her husband Aquila, suggesting that from the earliest period of the Roman church, a woman was in formal leadership as an elder. This corroborates an understanding of 1 Corinthians 11 where both women and men had teaching and prophetic authority (v.2 - 16), and the ability to administer the eucharist as well (v.17 - 32). Theologian T.F. Torrance discusses the significance of this fresco in his article The Ministry of Women. Photo credit: Unknown | Wikimedia.
bible studies and messages from the anastasis center: 1 and 2 Timothy, titus, and Philemon
Below are small group leader notes, sermons, and exegetical notes on Paul’s First and Second Letter to Timothy, Letter to Titus, and Letter to Philemon.
We make the best of modern biblical scholarship, along with early Christian exegesis, relevant and practical.
Notes and Essays on Paul’s Letters to Timothy, Titus, Philemon
Christian Leaders, Sin, and Restoration: Reflections on 1 Timothy and Titus This paper explores why character requirements for Christian leadership are important for the person and the community; why sinning as a leader is different from sinning as a member, because of power dynamics; and how restoration after sin and removal from leadership might happen.
Christian Leaders, Sin, and Restoration: Reflections on 1 Timothy and Titus This puts the material in the paper above into the format of seven devotional reflections.
The Body of Christ in Worship: Men and Women in Worship Together (1 Corinthians 11:2 - 16 and the implications for 1 Timothy 2:12)
Books and Articles on Paul’s Pastoral Letters
Gordon Hugenberger, Women in Church Office: Hermeneutics or Exegesis? A Survey of Approaches to 1 Tim 2:8 - 15 (Journal of Evangelical Theology Society, Sep 1992)
N.T. Wright, Paul and His Letter to Philemon (lectures, Aug 2003) very helpful comparison with Pliny the Younger's letter to Sabinianus
Gordon Hugenberger, Women in Leadership (Park Street Church website, Apr 14, 2008) short summary of his longer paper
Roger Olsen, Confessions of an Egalitarian Complementarian (Patheos, Mar 4, 2015)
Marg Mowczko, The Heresy of the Ephesian Church (Marg Mowczko blog, Apr 17, 2013) diagnosis of gnostic tendencies
Marg Mowczko, Chastity, Salvation, and 1 Timothy 2:15 (Marg Mowczko blog, Jan 27, 2016) important citations of the over-emphasis on chastity, and the growing Neoplatonic view of the body-soul
Bob and Helga, 1 Timothy 2:12 Not About "Authority" (Equality Workbook, Jan 7, 2017) lists uses of "authenteo" outside the New Testament
Marg Mowczko, Were There Women Elders in the New Testament Churches? The Imprecise Use of "Elders" (Marg Mowczko blog, Jan 21, 2017)