Bible Studies, Messages, Papers
The Torah (meaning teaching in Hebrew) is the first major section of the Hebrew Scriptures, or Old Testament. The narration is lengthy, so was separated into five scrolls, thereby acquiring its Greek name, the Pentateuch (meaning five scrolls in Greek). This is one of the Torah scrolls. Photo credit: Lawrie Cate | CC2.0, Wikimedia Commons.
bible studies and messages from the anastasis center: Torah
Below are small group leader notes, sermons, and exegetical notes on the Books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
We make the best of modern biblical scholarship, along with early Christian exegesis, relevant and practical.
Notes and Essays on the Pentateuch (Torah)
Torah: Atonement in the Pentateuch long essay exploring biblical passages and themes which emerge from the Pentateuch; makes an argument for medical substitution see some blog posts for this material in shorter sections
Torah: God as Dialysis Machine: The Sacrificial Calendar as the Renewal of the Covenant and the Retelling of Moses’ Mediation on Mount Sinai a table distilling previous work on the sacrificial system on the theme of purification; compares Moses' ascent up Mount Sinai to the high priest's entrance into the holy of holies; argues that the sacrificial system foreshadows Jesus as a medical substitute, not a penal substitute; lists patristic sources that also interpret the sacrifices as a medical, cleansing, and purifying expression
Hell as Fire and Darkness: Remembrance of Sinai as Covenant Rejection in Matthew's Gospel This is a long essay exploring how Jesus' use of the phrase "fire and darkness" is a motif that comes from the story of God at Mount Sinai, where Israel rejects the covenant, and resists being purified by God. I consider Old Testament intertextuality, and virtually all the New Testament texts dealing with "fire" as a motif.
Helpful Academic Books and Articles on the Pentateuch (Torah)
Canon Garratt, The Samaritan Pentateuch (article, Mar 21, 1904) implications of the Samaritan Torah on higher criticism and textual analysis
S.I. McMillen, M.D., None of These Diseases (Amazon book, 1963 originally) A doctor makes a compelling case for divine influence in the biblical text by using comparative medical anthropology
Leo Strauss, Jerusalem and Athens: Some Introductory Reflections (Commentary, Jun 1, 1967)
John W. Welch, Chiasmus in Ancient Greek and Latin Literatures excellent resource demonstrating the prevalence of chiastic literary structures in Greek and Latin literature
Gordon Hugenberger, The Historicity of the Bible (ppts to his class lecture)
Frank Moore Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Amazon book, 1998)
James Barr, The Concept of Biblical Theology (Google book, 1999)
Kenneth A. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Amazon book, 2006)
Joshua J. Mark, Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Mesopotamia (Ancient History Encyclopedia, May 16, 2014)
Donald L. Wasson, Ancient Roman Family Life (Ancient History Encyclopedia, Feb 26, 2016)
Joshua J. Mark, Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Egypt (Ancient History Encyclopedia, Sep 26, 2016) very helpful as a comparison point to ancient Judaism and the Old Testament; see also Joshua J. Mark, Women in Ancient Egypt (Ancient History Encyclopedia, Nov 4, 2016) and Mark Cartwright, Women in Ancient China (Ancient History Encyclopedia, Oct 19, 2017)
Helpful Practical Tools for Teaching the Pentateuch (Torah)
Alastair Roberts, 40 Days of Exoduses (blog) a helpful example of how Scripture repeats patterned themes
Damon Young, The Wisdom of Gardens (Aeon, Jun 14, 2013) gardens expand our thinking, console us in times of crisis, school us in emotional generosity, and show us that life goes on
The Bible Project, Sacrifice and Atonement (The Bible Project, Aug 27, 2015) a good 7 minute video which accurately talks about the purification by blood depicted in the Jewish offerings
The Bible Project, The Law (The Bible Project, Oct 12, 2015) a very nice 6 minute video which places the stress on the story of the Torah, and beyond, not simply the commandments