Other Beliefs: Historical and Theological Comparisons
other beliefs: historical and theological comparisons
These resources explore the epistemology (proof for, and provability), metaphysics (ideas about God and reality), ethics, and historical development of various belief systems. Comparisons are drawn to Christian faith.
Whose Justice? (Harvard Law School version)
What Can We Do About Evil? (smaller)
Que Podemos Hacer Sobre La Maldad? (for the Asociacion Dominicana de Estudiantes Evangelico, 2014)
Find Your Heart's Desire (version 2)
High Level Comparative Overviews
The Desire for a Happy Ending: Interpreting the Movies, Songs, and Stories Around Us We like happy ending stories because we long for an actual happy ending for the world. This workshop groups all belief systems into not happy ending vs. happy ending stories; and then internal vs. external villains.
The Conflict of Stories: Circular, Christian, Western, Muslim, Secular, Individual This delves into the biblical story as the original happy ending story, and other happy ending stories as parodies that change the plot arc, villain, and hero.
The Conflict of Stories (chart) How Does the Christian Faith Compare with Other Belief Systems? 6 Simple Questions Six important questions that sort through various belief systems.
Human Dignity: Does Every Individual Matter? Science, philosophy, existentialism, other religions, and double-predestination based theologies mean that some human beings do not matter. Only a fully Trinitarian theology with a medical substitutionary atonement can provide an adequate foundation.
Desires, Beliefs, and How We Know Truth A presentation comparing the role of desire in various belief systems. Our desires suggest that we have both good and evil in us (we’re made in the image of God & wounded by sin). This does not prove, but agrees with, the biblical story. Some desires can be taken up and expanded by Jesus; other desires, Jesus reshapes or transforms.
Images of God in a Broken World This is a series of three messages dealing with (1) how we inherit the image of an evil "god" from a broken world; (2) how Jesus is the accurate and perfect image of God despite our broken world, because he healed human nature in himself; and (3) how Jesus renews the image of God in us by his Spirit, to share God's goodness in a broken world
Evil and the Christian God and Theology of Atonement This paper explores how the character of God drives the type of story one lives in, and the type of atonement required to be consistent.
Evil and the Christian God This is a shorter version of the paper above.
Books and Articles on Other Beliefs: High Level Overview
Rodney Stark, Discovering God: The Origins of the Great Religions and the Evolution of Belief (Amazon book, Oct 2, 2007) an incredible tour-de-force of virtually every major religious belief system that has ever existed. Stark explores the historical and conceptual dimensions of each. His chapter on how anthropologists treated nomadic and semi-nomadic peoples is stunning.
John Polkinghorne interview (note 26:20min mark about theology and other belief systems) Polkinghorne is a British astronomer who also became a minister and theologian
The Crooked Mouth, A Brief Guide to Donuts (blog, Feb 9, 2012)
Trevin Wax's summary of Rodney Stark, The Rise of Christianity: How the Obscure, Marginal Jesus Movement Became a Dominant Religious Force in the Western World in a Few Centuries (The Gospel Coalition, Mar 4, 2013)
Louise Ridley, Does Religion Really Cause War - And Do Atheists Have Something to Answer For? (Huffington Post, Nov 18, 2014)
Roger Olsen, An Example of Unwarranted Theological Speculation: Divine Timelessness (Patheos, Feb 19, 2015)
Chris Mooney, The Surprising Links Between Faith and Evolution and Climate Denial - Charted (NY Times, May 20, 2015) interesting as I think the principle of meritocratic-retributive justice standing behind penal substitution is also an influence
Joseph Tkach, Beware Historical Revisionism (GCI, Mar 2, 2016)
Sigal Samuel, Why Are Some People Attracted to New Religions? (The Atlantic, Aug 30, 2017) in their own words